"A ship in the harbor is safe, but that's not what ships are for." William Shedd

Thursday, April 9, 2015

Things that make you go, hmmmm?

A few million years ago, after my diagnosis with rheumatoid arthritis, and before paleo was even a glimmer in my eye, I briefly supplemented with Knox gelatin.  Gelatin was touted by some as a great supplement for arthritis; as a precursor to cartilage, gelatin could help the body to repair joint damage and also keep damage from occurring in the first place.  It was one of many things I tried, used for a while, and mentally filed away with a reaction of, meh.
 
Years later, as bone broth, with it's healthy dose of gelatin, became touted within the paleosphere, my ears perked up.  I went online and bought some traditional (i.e. slow-simmered), grass-fed beef bone broth and gave it a try.  Soothing and yummy, but expensive - and storing enough to have just a cup a day for a month at a time in my tiny freezer was a pain.  I found myself repeatedly putting off ordering either due to the cost, or because the freezer situation was already at critical mass, so my use of bone broth was intermittent at best.  Maybe I'll eventually get over my fear of leaving a crock-pot simmering with the dogs home alone and regularly make my own bone broth.  But until then. . . with the possible benefits of gelatin for joint health as well as other possible benefits, I thought maybe I should try gelatin again.  I ordered some Great Lakes gelatin (it can be ordered through Amazon); I chose the whole protein gelatin rather than the hydrolyzed gelatin as it 'may' be better for gut health. 
 
And here's were it may get interesting for those in ketosis. 
 
My ketones, as measured by urine test strips, while consistently in the medium and high ranges early on, have been low for a while, sometimes fading away to 'nothing'.  While I'm aware that this was likely just normal sign of keto-adaptation, I still kind of responded with grrrrr every morning when I looked at my test strip.  A few days after I started supplementing with gelatin, my 'peetones' shot up into the medium/high range again and these levels have persisted for almost three weeks - now my response when I look at my test strip in the morning is, hmmm? 
 
The only thing I could find on a quick google search for 'gelatin ketosis' was this thread on reddit (I know, it's reddit, but still).  From the post:
 
"Gelatin which is made up of collagen and proteins from organ/skin/bone of animals contains glycine. Glycine in turn promotes glucagon to be released from the pancreas. Glucagon is the opposite of insulin, it tells fat cells to release fat (dumbed down version)."
 
Again, hmmm?  In the interest of 'science', I received my Great Lakes gelatin and started taking it (approximately one tablespoon per day) the same week as the local trails finally dried out and I was able to start mountain biking again.  Mountain biking, especially with the hilly trails in St. Louis area, can be a pretty high intensity, full body work out.  Obviously, exercise can affect ketosis, but I would expect the affect to wax and wane from day to day, as I'm not able to mountain bike every day.  The past week has essentially been a bust for mountain biking (ok, let's be honest, for exercise, period), and yet my ketones are still in the medium/high range every morning.
 
In any event, an interesting observation I wanted to share. . . I'll update regarding this, and any positive affects on those last stubborn five pounds, in the future. 

Saturday, March 28, 2015

My Blood Work

Edited to correct HDL reference range and add footnotes found in my blood work results - apparently someone was too impatient to get out and mountain bike and forgot to check their work :)

So, in my last post I mentioned the 'helpful' email I received from my insurance company *rolls eyes*; they are so 'helpful' that they are now requiring you to meet their health standards score to save money on your insurance premiums.  You are scored based on your blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, glucose, triglycerides and tobacco use status; if you do not meet a minimum target score, or improve your score next year, your premiums go up.  My indignation over this Big Brother approach and whether it is reasonable, is fodder for another time; I thought some might be interested my blood work as a real life long term paleo/low-carber (sorry, I've only got the last two years on hand). . . 
 
For context - my diet has been 'paleo' for over seven years now, low carb-ish without carb counting; I've entered my diet into FitDay randomly over the years to see where all the values were falling out, but my diet is pretty consistent, so I don't track day-to-day.  Last fall (again, for context after my 2014 blood work) I made some minor changes in my diet to shift into nutritional ketosis, confirmed via urine test strips - or, as I saw in a comment the other day, measuring my peetones - heh!  Slightly less protein and slightly more fats, primarily from avocado, macadamias, coconut oil and butter; no significant changes in my produce consumption, as I was already fairly low-carb. 
 
As for exercise, at the same time that I started a paleo diet, I started weight lifting again.  My experience is that weight lifting is VERY beneficial for my rheumatoid arthritis - likely every bit as crucial as diet; in a future post, I'll discuss more. . .  I started out with pretty low weights, but seven years later, I am lifting literally three times as much weight as I was in the beginning (woot!); lifting sessions are typically 20-30 minutes in duration.  I also started mountain biking again about four years ago.  I ride or lift, on average, four to five days a week.  In the deep winter, when the local trails are trashed due to weather, I mostly lift with an occasional ride here and there when the ground is frozen solid.  In the summer, I mostly ride, with one or two weight lifting sessions a week.    Also, I'd like to note for anyone interested, in shifting my diet toward nutritional ketosis I did not experience any noticeable difference in my exercise performance. 
 
On to the numbers! 
 
Total Cholesterol
2014        2015          Reference Range
186          198            100-199
 
LDL
2014        2015           RR
87            108             0-99
 
VLDL
2014        2015           RR
17            11                5-40
 
HDL
2014       2015            RR
82           79                greater than 59
 
T. Chol./HDL Ratio
2014       2015           RR
2.3          2.5              0.0-4.4
 
Triglycerides
2014        2015         RR
86            54             0-149
 
Glucose
2014        2015         RR
101          103           65-99
 
Hemoglobin A1c
2014        2015         RR
5.4           5.5            4.8-5.6

Footnotes found in my blood work:

**According to ATP-III Guidelines, HDL-C greater than 59 mg/dL is considered a negative risk factor for CHD (coronary heart disease).

**T.Chol./HDL Ratio
    CHD Risk
    1/2 Average Risk    Men-3.4   Women-3.3
          Average Risk    Men-5.0   Women-4.4
    2X Average Risk    Men-9.6   Women-7.1

**Hemoglobin A1c
    Increased risk for diabetes:  5.7 - 6.4
    Diabetes:  greater than 6.4
 
So, I'm thrilled with the lower triglyceride and VLDL numbers.  HDL is still nicely in the very high numbers, keeping my Total Cholesterol/HDL ratio low.  The LDL is outside of the lab reference range, but still below the lower target number of 130 used by the insurance company, so I wasn't penalized for that; it's a shame that they don't include HDL or the Total Cholesterol/HDL ratio in their scoring.  I was penalized for having high blood glucose.  I'm not terribly thrilled with the glucose number, although such numbers are not unusual for those who are very low carb (VLC) and/or in nutritional ketosis.  Peter, Mark and Robb have all blogged about this phenomena. 

It is my understanding that this can be 'fixed' by eating a more moderate carbohydrate diet for a short period, which could be a strategy for next year's blood work to ensure I stay within the insurance company's target score and don't end up getting nailed with higher premiums.  I'm well within the overall target score this year, so there's that. . . On the other hand, I would have expected the A1c number to be a bit lower, and the elevated blood glucose still gives me the willies. . . I know Dr. Terry Wahls advocates a ketogenic diet for a variety of reasons - time to reread that section of her book and confirm whether I want to continue with nutritional ketosis or drop back to my 'normal' low-carb paleo diet. 

In any case, Happy Spring all!  The local trails are finally in good shape and although the weather isn't quite so warm as last weekend, the sun is out - I'm off to ride!

Wednesday, February 4, 2015

Down For the Count


"The formula for weight loss sounds simple: You need to burn more calories than you take in. That usually means moving more and eating less. But does the thought of cutting back on what you eat leave you, well ... hungry?"
 
This is a direct quote from an email I recently received from my insurance company, accompanied by an article explaining that reducing my caloric intake by just a few hundred calories a day will help me lose those unwanted extra pounds.  Oh, really? - well, it depends. . . My insurance company is not the only one bringing up calories in recent months; Mark's Daily Apple had a great post about 7 Common Calorie Myths We Should All Stop Believing and just today, a post on Robb Wolf's site asks, Do Calories Even Matter?  And, for a not so recent post about the almighty calorie, Gary Taubes' post, What would happen if. . . ? Thoughts (and thought experiments) on the calorie issue.
 
Look, it IS true that reducing calories (see the Twinkie Diet),  or tons of exercise, or both (see Biggest Loser) can reduce your 'weight', but what happens when you can't fight your body's need for 'food' any longer, or when you have health conditions that preclude hours of vigorous exercise (or, you know, you work for a living instead of living at the Biggest Loser enclave)?  And what kind of 'weight' are you losing?  Many conventional weight loss plans often reduce muscle mass right along with fat mass - maybe not such a good idea.  And what happens when you go back to eating (and exercising) in the way you always have?  Aaaaand, while dropping some weight may reduce the stress on your arthritic joints, if your focus is exclusively on counting calories, are you getting the nutrition to build healthier joints?
 
People like to measure things - how cold (or hot) is it today?  How many miles to grandma's house?  How much money is in the bank?  How many calories are there in this meal?  But we need some context in what we measure - If it's 35 degrees outside, am I dressed appropriately?  Am I just standing around or am I doing vigorous exercise?  Am I walking to grandma's house?  Or am I driving there?  Flying?  Did I just deposit my paycheck in the bank?  Or did I just pay all my bills?  The same context is important when it comes to calories; it is too simplistic to reduce calories in/calories out  (CICO) to a simple mathematical equation.
 
I recently read a discussion on a cycling forum about weight loss.  It was interesting (and occasionally highly entertaining) to read through the opinions of a diverse group of people whose only common denominator is their obsession with two wheels (and if you think that a group of people whose hobby directly relates to physical activity don't struggle with their weight, think again!).  There were a number of proponents of the conventional calories in/calories out weight loss model (cycle more, eat less!!), and a surprising number (at least to me), that advocated for a 'paleo diet', as well a few people who claimed weight loss success using supplements (or thought some illicit drugs might be in order).  There were a couple of real gems, in my humble opinion; below is one, paraphrased for context. . .
 
"Calories are a unit of energy, just like a joule is. 

 As such calories are not ingested, processed and stored. A vast array of simple and complex compounds are ingested and metabolized and each of these have an associated energy gain which can simplistically be related to the caloric value of the food. It is massively simplistic and in some cases not at all relevant, hence the discussion here and how different foods will aid weight loss better, but it's been taken as a standard because the concept is easy for people to understand and generally is applicable when deciding total amounts of food to eat.

 It seems a nit-picking point, but it isn't. Two foods with the same caloric value can be metabolized in a vastly different way and have a very different impact on the body.

 As for metabolism being a simple concept. Errr... No."
 
To repeat, 'as for metabolism being a simple concept, errr. . . No'.  Below is a 'simple' diagram of metabolism (woe-is-me, I remember memorizing some of these pathways in college).  Please note, the word 'calorie' is not in there. . .
If this diagram seems complicated, think of all the complex structures you body is busily building and rebuilding, over and over and over, ad nauseam.  To quote Taubes, "the mantra that ‘a calorie is a calorie is a calorie' serves only to direct attention away from the meaningful characteristics of the macronutrients in our diets...".  What is the purpose of eating after all?  To keep the number of calories under an arbitrary number based on your size, sex and amount of physical activity, or to provide your body with the nutrients it needs to maintain a fully functioning h. sapiens sapiens?
 
So, what has/is working for me? 
 
A low calorie/high exercise regimen worked to get my weight down to around 115 in my twenties.  Of course, by my thirties I had rheumatoid arthritis, irritable bowel syndrome, cystic acne and my weight had ballooned to about 190, so I guess maybe rice cakes and jogging (and later biking), wasn't entirely. . . optimal.  As the weight piled on, I tried.  I really tried; over the years, more biking, stair-master, aerobics, low-fat, low-cal, vegetarian.  Getting 'the shakes' and brain fog, signs of  blood sugar dysregulation, was an almost daily occurrence.  I'd lose a few pounds, gain back those and five more.  It was maddening, and I felt like such a failure.  Flash forward to the adoption of a paleo/primal diet and intermittent fasting, combined with moderate weight lifting.  Over a period of years, my rheumatoid arthritis and IBS improved and my weight dropped to around 125 (based on the scale at the doctor's office, as I didn't own a scale at this time).  No over night magic, but steady progress.  I didn't count calories.  I didn't count carbs.  I ate nutrient dense meals of meat/fish/fowl and vegetables; no processed food, no grains, no legumes.  Regularly planned 'cheat' meals.  Sometimes my workouts were gung-ho, sometimes they were half-assed.  Nonetheless, I had life changing results.
 
Having achieved these life changing results, I got a bit cocky.  I began mountain biking, stopped using intermittent fasting and became less stringent with my paleo/primal food template . . . and over a period of years, I regained around fifteen pounds (evidence, if I needed it, that up to two hours of vigorous 'cardio' four days a week, plus some weight lifting, won't do a darn thing to keep my weight stable) and I began having more significant trouble with my IBS (I also attribute this to a bout of severe food poisoning and antibiotic treatment).  So, I bought a scale and rededicated myself to quality paleo food and. . . nothing happened; I could NOT make a single pound budge.  Maybe because I'm now in my forties, maybe because my gut flora got all out of whack, maybe because the stars were no longer aligned; I just don't know.  What I DO know is that by switching to a ketogenic paleo template with a daily (most of the time) 16 hour fast (Wahls Paleo Plus ring a bell?), I've gone back down eleven pounds (only four more to get (back) to 125).  Not such a big change really; slightly (very slightly) less protein and slightly more fat (think avocado, macadamias, coconut oil) in my basic no grains, no legumes, no processed food, nutrient dense meat/fish/fowl and vegetables meal plan.  Again, I'm not counting calories, or carbs, or for that matter, grams of fat (although I do confirm ketosis with urine test strips); sometimes my work outs are gung-ho, sometimes they're half-assed, and now that it's winter, I miss more days mountain biking than not. . . the body is a living system, not a static machine and I'm still learning.

A final thoughtful gem from the cycling forum:
 
"You've still missed the point. "Weight loss" is what? The loss of fat? The loss of muscle? Both? Going to the toilet?  Sweating?

Weight gain is what? Adding fat, adding muscle, ingesting food/water?"


It's all about context. . .
 

 In honor of Old Man Winter, and the snow currently falling outside my window, some pictures from the winters I've spent here in Missouri.
 
 

Wednesday, December 3, 2014

All Things NOT Being Equal. . .

I'm a bit of a news junky - I often have the 'news' on the TeeVee in the background while  I'm puttering around doing housework and the like. . . In any case, I heard in passing early last week that there was a new study out showing that reducing carbohydrates (ie a low carb/high fat diet) trumped reducing fat (ie a high carb/low fat diet) in both weight loss and in improving blood lipid profiles that (supposedly) are markers for cardiovascular health.  At the time, I thought - meh, nice to know that the "establishment" is catching up with "us", us being all the people that have been practicing low carb/high fat diets for many years.  That is, I thought 'meh' until the next time this study was mentioned on the TeeVee, and then I got pissed. . .
 
As I passed through the room on Sunday, the news was on and I realized they were discussing the study again; interviewing a doctor, who on this station is the in-house medical expert. . . His take on this new study?  "Everything in moderation".  Yep, that was his final word regarding this study - everything in moderation. . .  Jebus wept!!!  This type of message is why I see people at my workplace struggling to lose weight on Weight Watchers, or eating a precisely measured number of jelly beans in the afternoon while taking daily medication for their diabetes, or coming back from the cafeteria with a mound of iceburg lettuce garnished with a few baby carrots and cherry tomatoes and covered in low fat dressing, and then snacking all afternoon.  And this type of thinking is why every. damn. time. there is a catered meeting at work, the breakfast menu consists of an assortment of muffins, pastries and low fat yogurt, and the lunch menu consists of sandwiches, bags of chips and an assortment of cookies (in all honesty, the rare 'high-brow' meetings do include some actual edible foods, which most of my coworkers view as a 'naughty' treat they've earned by attending these marathon meetings).    People listen to the messages coming from mainstream doctors, medical 'authorities' and nutritionists and they really try to do the 'right thing' - but the mainstream medical establishment WILL NOT admit that they let us down in recommending low fat diets for the past several decades - can they not SEE how these recommendations have worked for the general public!?!
 
And then I got pissed all over again when I tried to look up the study.  First, there's nary a print article to be found. . . I found one article in Men's Journal, and that was at least helpful in finding out the name of the lead researcher, Lydia Bazzano (although MJ misspelled her last name, d'oh).  Then, when I tracked down a brief article from Tulane University discussing the study, I wondered why these researchers tried to sabotage their own study. . . It started out with some promising commentary; Dr. Bazzano notes "we found those on a low-carb diet had significantly greater decreases in estimated 10-year risk for heart disease after six and 12 months than the low-fat group.”  The article then goes on to say "While the low-carb dieters got 41 percent of their calories from fat, most were healthy monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats like olive or canola oil. The group only got 13 percent of calories from saturated fats like butter."  Canola oil?  CANOLA OIL?!?  And a quote from Dr. Bazzano ends the article - "It’s not a license to go back to the butter, but it does show that even high-fat diets – if they are high in the right fats – can be healthy and help you lose weight". 

Hint, there is no canola plant; canola oil is typically produced by heating and crushing rape seed, then refining the resulting wax with high heat, hexane, and organic acids, followed by bleaching and deodorization.  The omega-3 to omega-6 ratio is about 2:1.  Dr. Bazzano et al. appear to have been buying in to the fear mongering surrounding saturated fats before they even started the study - one wonders what the results of the study would have been if they hadn't used freakin' highly processed vegetable oil as a primary source of dietary fat?  This is NOT how people In The Real World are typically implementing a LCHF diet!  Geez louise.
 
In any case, this is not really News, with a capital N. . . There have been a number of low carb/high fat vs high carb/low fat comparison trials over the years - below is a presentation by Dr. Jason Fong extensively discussing this research.  The video runs long, about an hour and 20 minutes, but it's well worth your time.  The video is Part 3 of a six part video series titled "The Aetiology of Obesity" - maybe you can fire up your favorite mobile device and listen to this, and the other five installments, as you putter around the house - it certainly would be more educational than listening to the news, am I right?
 
 

Sunday, November 30, 2014

Get A Grip

So frustrating - I can grip a bar for chin-ups, or grip the handlebars of my bike for a wild and wooly rock strewn downhill with no problem (most of the time), but opening a jar of pickles or the cap on a new tube of mascara is next to impossible. . . The below strap wrench is a lifesaver for opening everything from the largest jar to the tiniest screw-on cap.   If you have arthritis in your hands (or even if you don't), you want one of these!

Sunday, November 16, 2014

Get Your Google-Fu On

I've got several posts in draft, but until those are finished. . .
 
This week, a not uncommon scenario played out at work; one of the other programmers I work with was tasked with a request from our boss.  This task was something they had never done before, so the first thing they did was email myself and the other programmer in our group to find out if we already had a program they could use to do this. . . As it turns out, no, neither of us already had a program written to perform this task, and in fact neither of us had any experience with how to do it at all - BUT, when I ran a simple google search, pages of code snippets and support documents detailing how to code for this type of data appeared on my screen.  And it was really pretty simple; just a few lines of code and, bob's your uncle, all done.  Hmmm. 
 
This event got me thinking about the difference between being handed an answer and learning to find information on your own.  I learned to code in an environment where there was no one to give me code they had already written, or even anyone to tell where to find the information on how to begin - I spent a lot of time on the net searching and a lot of time writing and rewriting code until it worked.  JUST AS I DID, AND STILL DO with food, exercise, and their relationship with my autoimmune disease.  In my work life, this means that if I'm given a project that involves unfamiliar territory, and there is no one available to guide me, I'm not lost - I know where to go to find the lay of the land, and I know with a little work, I can build my own map.  In my search for better health, I can do the same.
 
Paleo has really exploded in the past several years - there is a LOT of information available; everything from MD's (here and here), to researchers (here and here), to fitness coaches (here and here and here (had to throw the last one in special for the ladies!)),  to former researchers turned fitness coaches (here) and many, many plain jane/joe bloggers (here, heh); they're all talking about using paleo concepts as a foundation for better health.
 
So get your google-fu on!  Learn to use and evaluate all the information available at your fingertips and take responsibility for finding answers that work for YOU, and then you'll never find yourself dependent on others finding the answers FOR you! 
 
Got the camera out a couple weekends ago to capture all the gorgeous fall color. . .
 
Loved the look of the leaves in the creek. 
 
What IS that?
Two shots of 'Put the camera down and hurry up already!'
 Parting shots.